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Medical Reasons for Hair Loss

medication hair loss

There are many reasons for hair loss, and losing your hair is a common symptom of some medical conditions. This is why it’s so important to have your hair loss investigated by a doctor or trichologist so the underlying cause can be treated.

Medical conditions that cause hair loss

Many health problems can cause hair loss, but here are some of the most common:

Thyroid problems

Problems with the thyroid can cause hair thinning and loss, but the good news is that once you’re put on the right treatment, your hair will grow back.


Anaemia is often caused by an iron deficiency, which is common in women who have heavy periods. Iron is needed for the production of healthy red blood cells that supply the scalp with oxygen and nutrients, so a lack of iron can cause hair loss.

Polycystic Ovary Syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome or PCOS is a condition caused by an imbalance of male and female sex hormones. Sufferers usually have excessively high levels of androgens (male sex hormones) which causes ovarian cysts, infertility, weight gain, an increase in face and body hair, and hair loss from the scalp. PCOS if often treated with contraceptive pills and other treatments, plus lifestyle changes like taking more exercise and eating well.


It’s not the disease itself that causes hair loss, it’s the treatments like radiotherapy and chemotherapy that target the cancer cells, but the body’s healthy cells too, including the cells of the hair follicles.

Other medical causes

Aside from medical conditions, hormonal changes at different stages of life can cause hair loss, including during pregnancy, after childbirth, and during and after the menopause.

A word on medication

For some people, medications are needed to keep an illness under control. Unfortunately many of them come with side effects, and a common side effect of some medicines is hair loss. People who suffer from hair loss due to medication will notice it during the first few weeks of taking it, or if they increase the dose.

Medications that are known for causing hair loss in some (but not all) people include:

  • Blood thinners like heparin and warfarin
  • Beta-blockers like atenolol
  • ACE inhibitors like lisinopril
  • The contraceptive pill
  • Anti-seizure drugs
  • Some antidepressants

What to do if you think your medication is causing hair loss

Talk to your doctor. It might help if you note down when you first noticed the hair loss. Your doctor might suggest either changing the dose or trying an alternative drug, and their main concern should always be what’s best for you. Remember though, never stop taking medication without getting your doctor’s advice.


Are you worried about hair loss?

Worrying about hair loss can be a vicious cycle. You worry about losing your hair so this just makes you more stressed which leads to more hair loss.

At Salon La Reine we can help. We have the Nioxin treatment system and product range in the salon, so if you’re worried about hair thinning or loss, come in for a consultation and rediscover thicker, fuller hair that shines with health.


Does Stress Cause Hair Loss?

stress hair loss

A certain amount of hair loss is normal, but if you’ve been shedding more hair than usual, and you have no underlying health conditions, it might be a sign that you’re stressed. Hair loss can be caused by stress and anxiety, especially if the stress is chronic.

Why does stress make your hair fall out?

When you’re under stress, your body releases stress hormones which can affect many of your body’s systems, including your hair’s growth cycle. If you go through a hard time or experience something stressful or upsetting, you’ll notice hair loss between 1 and 3 months afterwards. This is because some of your hairs are forced into a ‘resting’ phase, where the follicle releases them and they eventually fall out. Hair loss caused by stress is often only temporary, and the hair usually grows back as normal once the stressful period or event has passed.

Types of hair loss that are related to stress

Telogen effluvium: This is when stress hormones cause a large number of hair follicles to enter a resting phase, and they suddenly fall out within a few months.

Alopecia areata: This is an autoimmune condition where the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles, and it has been linked to severe stress.

Trichotillomania: People who have this condition compulsively pull hair from their scalp, eyebrows, or other areas of the body, and it is linked to stress and anxiety.

What can you do about stress-related hair loss?

Try to deal with whatever is causing you stress and look after your general health and wellbeing by:

  • Getting enough sleep
  • Eating well and drinking plenty of water
  • Avoiding too much caffeine or sugar which can cause energy dips and contribute to stress
  • Exercising regularly to de-stress. Yoga is particularly effective if you’re stressed out
  • Learning to meditate
  • Talking to a friend or family member about what’s bothering you
  • Having plenty of ‘me’ time where you can relax or do things that make you happy


Are you worried about hair loss?

Worrying about hair loss can be a vicious cycle. You worry about losing your hair so this just makes you more stressed which leads to more hair loss.

At Salon La Reine we can help. We have the Nioxin treatment system and product range in the salon, so if you’re worried about hair thinning or loss, come in for a consultation and rediscover thicker, fuller hair that shines with health.




The Most Common Types of Hair Loss (And What You Can Do About It)

hair loss

For women, hair is closely linked to feminity and beauty, so hair loss can be devastating and it can really affect confidence and self-esteem.

There are many causes of hair loss, from stress, to hormonal imbalance, illness, chemotherapy, and over processing with chemicals, and the cause of your hair loss will determine the treatment that you need.

Common types of hair loss

Telogen Effluvium

We shed around 80-100 hairs every day naturally, but people with this condition lose far more. There is a thinning of the hair rather than bald patches, and the scalp and the hair that’s left will most likely look healthy. This type of hair loss is usually temporary.

It usually happens 1-3 months after the body is put through stress, so it might be that you notice it after having a baby, having surgery, or after an illness. This stressful event stops some of the older hairs from growing and they shed sooner than they should. Hair growth usually returns to normal within a few months after the stressful event. No treatment is usually offered for this condition, as the hair grows back in time. In the event that the hair loss has been caused by a nutrient deficiency, taking supplements can help.


This is a disorder that causes sufferers to compulsively pull at their hair, because of anxiety, stress, or even boredom. It can start at any age but it’s very common in teenagers. Because hairs are pulled out randomly, there is not typically a pattern of hair loss, and sufferers might also pull at their eyebrows or eyelashes. Treatment for this disorder must include some form of cognitive behavioural therapy before physical treatment of the hair loss is even considered.

Female Pattern hair loss

This is the most common reason for hair loss in women. It’s also known as androgenetic alopecia and it’s a hereditary condition which causes changes in your hair follicles. The follicles shrink, so any new hair growth will be finer, shorter and less visible, until it stops growing completely.

Even though this type of hair loss is hereditary, there are still things you can do about it, like using Nioxin treatments to improve the health of your scalp and keep your hair follicles clear, which will encourage healthy hair growth.


The most common form of alopecia is alopecia areata. This is an autoimmune disease, where the body’s immune system attacks the hair follicles. Patches of hair loss develop, followed by complete baldness in some cases. The patches are usually round and they can appear quite quickly.

The hair usually grows back, but for some people, hair loss is permanent. Sometimes when the hair grows back, it can appear lighter in colour, and bald patches can grow back then reappear elsewhere on the scalp.

There are rarer types of alopecia; alopecia totalis, which results in the complete loss of the hair on the head, and alopecia universalis, where all the hair on the body, including underarm hair and the eyebrows disappears.

As far as treatment goes, the medical options are usually steroid injections or immunotherapy, and many people opt for wigs or hair replacement systems to camouflage their hair loss. Topical hair loss treatments are also worth a try.

Are you worried about hair thinning or loss?

At Salon La Reine we can help. We have the Nioxin treatment system and product range in the salon, so if you’re worried about hair thinning or loss, come in for a consultation and rediscover thicker, fuller hair that shines with health.


A Game of Tones:What You Need To Know About Hair Toner

hair toner blonde

Over time, using too much bleach on the hair and colouring it too often can leave it looking brassy. If this happens, your colourist will often use a hair toner to restore your hair to the colour you want.

What is a hair toner?

A colourist will use hair toner for colour correction, or to make a bespoke colour for you. Hair toner is most often used on blonde hair, but brunettes and redheads can use it too to get rid of unwanted tones.

What does a toner do?

There are two different types of toner. The first type is used by your colourist to give your colour a warmer or cooler tone and correct any unwanted tones or shades, and the second type of toner is used in some hair care products to help maintain your colour between appointments. A toner can add also add some natural shine and gives you an even colour result.

What colours can be achieved with a hair toner?

The great thing about hair toner is that it can totally personalise your colour. You can opt for warm tones with a hint of copper or honey, or cooler tones like ash or silver. Toners can also be used to create a pretty pastel effect with hints of pink and lilac.

Hair toner for blonde hair

hair toner blonde 2

Once the hair has been lightened to the desired shade of blonde, the toner is applied which softens and personalises your colour.

A word about purple shampoo

Think of this as a toner you can use at home to eliminate any undesirable shades of yellow or brassy tones that are ruining your blonde bombshell look. Why purple, you ask? Well it’s all about colour science. Purple is opposite yellow on the colour wheel, so it balances it out, so when purple shampoo is used on the hair, it cancels out any yellow tones.

How often should a hair toner be used?

This varies from person to person because of hair type, how often you wash your hair, and what sort of condition your hair is in. Generally, toners lasts between 2 and 6 weeks. Hair that has never been coloured will hold the toner for longer.

How can you make your toner last longer?

  • Use the recommended hair products that won’t strip away the colour
  • Protect hair from the sun
  • Use heat protection when using heated styling tools


Treat and Prevent Hair Loss with Scalp Renew

Nioxin scalp renew

Image: Nioxin

Hair loss is a common and devastating problem. Shedding around 100 hairs every day is perfectly normal, but it can be a shock when you see clumps of hair in your hairbrush or shower. For women, hair is strongly linked to feeling feminine, and losing it can really knock your confidence.

What causes hair loss?

There are quite a few triggers for hair loss including:

Hormonal imbalance

Hormones regulate your hair growth cycle, so when they’re out of whack, you might notice that you experience hair thinning, hair loss, and dryness. Hair loss is common after having a baby and when you reach menopause


Stress or shock raises the level of male hormones (androgens) in the body which shortens the hair’s growth cycle and causes the hair to fall out.

Nutrient deficiencies

If your diet isn’t up to scratch it will show in your hair. Make sure you get enough iron, vitamin B12, and protein in particular. Iron is needed to produce hair cell proteins, B12 is needed for healthy blood cells and good circulation to the scalp, and protein is the building block of hair.

Medical conditions, treatment, and medication

Medical conditions like thyroid problems and polycystic ovary syndrome can cause hair loss, as can treatments like chemotherapy, and medications like anti-depressants and blood thinners.

Chemical styling and traumatic hair loss

Hair loss can occur when the hair is damaged by over processing, or when it is subjected to a lot of trauma or tension by wearing hairstyles that pull too much on the hair or wearing badly-fitted hair extensions.

What can you do to kickstart healthy hair growth?

Well the experts agree that healthy hair starts with a healthy scalp. If your scalp is dry or irritated, or if your hair follicles are clogged, healthy strands of hair can’t grow.

Why not try Scalp Renew?

Your hair follicles can get clogged up with dead skin cells and oils, and this can impede healthy hair growth.

Scalp Renew by Nioxin is our new in-salon scalp exfoliation treatment which we like to call ‘a facial for the scalp.’ The treatment helps get rid of any build up of dead skin which allows newer and healthier cells to come to the surface. Healthy hair is much more likely to grow from healthier cells.

Who is Scalp Renew suitable for?

It’s perfect for anyone with a scalp condition who would benefit from an exfoliating treatment. Anyone with sores, scalp tenderness, or a rash should not have this treatment and should seek advice from their doctor or a trichologist.

What does the treatment involve?

The product is massaged into the scalp for about a minute then it’s left on for 10 minutes then rinsed off. Your hair is then washed and styled as usual.

How often should you have the treatment?

Having a treatment every 4-6 weeks should be enough to see results.

See how the treatment is working for yourself!

We have a Nioxin Nioscope in the salon which is a powerful microscope than can let you see the condition of your scalp before and after treatment, how amazing is that?

It’s always good to know that your spending your hard-earned cash on something that really works!



New Year’s Resolutions for Your Hair

new year's resolutions for your hair

If you’re anything like me, you’ve probably made a few New Year’s resolutions. Maybe you want to eat healthier, get fitter, or learn something new. But have you made any New Year’s resolutions for your hair? Here’s how you can start some healthy hair habits in 2019.

Introduce a good hair care routine

If you haven’t already, put some time aside in your week to really take care of your hair. Use the right products for your hair type, use a hair masque regularly and book in for regular trims to keep your hair looking at its best.

Get rid of bad habits like blasting your hair with heat and using straighteners every day too, embrace your natural texture and let your hair dry naturally once in a while.

Use a deep conditioning treatment regularly

Hydrated hair is healthy hair, and if hair is dry and brittle, it won’t look good or feel good and it will be so much harder to maintain. Deep conditioning treatments penetrate the hair at a deeper level than normal conditioners. Do a treatment once per week and you should see results within a few months.

Eat well to nourish your hair

A poor diet will show in your hair, so make sure that you eat plenty of lean protein, fruit and veg, and healthy fats to encourage healthy hair growth. Supplements can help, but they should be taken as well as a healthy diet, not instead of one.

Prevent tangles and damage at night

Do you wake up with a severe case of bed head every day? This is caused by tossing and turning, and friction from your pillowcase. Invest in a silk pillowcase which is kinder to your hair. It’s also a good idea to wear your hair in a loose braid of ponytail for bed to prevent tangles and matting (especially if you have hair extensions.)

Give your hair a break

As I mentioned earlier, let your hair dry naturally now and again, and if you must use heat, always use heat protection products. Ask me about gentler ways of colouring your hair or embracing your natural colour, and if you wear extensions, we can look at fitting methods that aren’t so damaging.

Here’s to shinier, happier, healthier hair in 2019  and beyond!


The Best Hair Extensions For Fine Hair

woman with fine hair

If you have fine hair, you might consider getting hair extensions so you can have the full luscious mane you’ve always dreamed of. But some hair extensions aren’t suitable for fine hair, and they can cause damage and hair loss.

The extensions to beware of if you have fine hair

Hair extensions are attached to your natural hair to add length and volume, but some types of extensions are just too heavy for fine hair, and they can cause damage and hair loss by pulling on the hair and stressing it. If you have fine hair, generally avoid:

Clip-in hair extensions: These are an easy to use quick fix, but constantly clipping the hair in and taking it out can pull on the hair causing damage and hair loss. You should never leave these in when you go to sleep either.

Braided wefts: Tight braids can pull on the hair and weigh it down, and fine hair is not usually strong enough to withstand this.

Keratin pre-bonded extensions: The strands are attached to the hair with keratin. The bonds can feel quite heavy and can weigh down and damage fine hair. But if you want bonded extensions and you have fine hair, Great Lengths prebonded hair extensions bond is made from polymer which is much kinder to the hair than Keratin. You can also ask your stylist to cut the strands in half to 0.5g and 0.2g at the temple and nape where the hair tends to be finer. The bond tip (glue) can also be cut down so there’s less weight altogether.

So what are the best hair extensions for fine hair?

My recommendation for fine or very fine-haired ladies would be tape-in hair extensions. The hair wefts are applied to your natural hair using a special tape. The wefts are nice and light so they won’t cause any pull on the hair. They lie flat against the scalp so they won’t be able to be seen either, which would not be the case with many other types of hair extensions.

Maintaining Tape-In Hair Extensions

Treat them gently

Use the products that have been recommended to you and your extensions will look great for longer. Always wash your hair in the shower with your head tilted back, and don’t scrub your scalp hard as this can damage the tape. Never use conditioner near the roots as this can make affect the tape’s adhesive.

Dry carefully-or naturally

Don’t rub the hair dry with a towel. Pat it dry to remove excess moisture then either let your hair dry naturally or blow dry on a low heat, avoiding the tape.

Detangle your hair extensions often

Get into the habit of brushing your hair, from the roots upwards a few times per day. Wear your hair in a loose plait or ponytail at night to avoid matting and tangles.

Do you have fine hair? Are you thinking about hair extensions? Ask me about the best options for you!


How to Look After Your Hair Extensions on Holiday

holiday hair extensions

The cold weather and dark nights might have you dreaming of holidays and you might already be thinking about where you’re jetting off to in the summer. But if you have hair extensions, you’ll need to think about looking after them a little bit more when you’re faced with a swimming pool full of chlorine and endless days of sun exposure. Here are my top tips for looking after your hair extensions on holiday.

Take the correct products with you

The last thing you want is to get to your hotel and find out that you’ve forgotten your hair extension shampoo and conditioner. Resorting to cheap hotel shampoo or shampoos full of sulphates can dry your extensions out. Always use the products I’ve recommended to keep your extensions looking amazing.

Avoid the sea and swimming pools full of chlorine

Salty sea water and chlorine is a nightmare for hair extensions. This type of water can make them dry and even discoloured, especially if you’re blonde. If you want to have a dip, pre-treat the hair with a leave-in conditioner or protective pre-shampoo treatment to prevent dryness. Wear your hair in a plait or another easy to manage style if you intend to swim. Avoid styles like messy buns as these can make the hair tangle.

Have your hair extension brush handy

Wind or sea air can make the hair a bit harder to control so make sure you brush it regularly to keep it looking good and tangle free.

Don’t have a snooze with wet hair

You might think that on holiday it’s so warm your hair will dry faster, but if you go to bet with wet hair it can end up matted and tangled. Make sure your hair is dry and put it in a loose ponytail or plait before going to bed.

Protect your hair extensions from the sun

Just as you should always protect your skin from the sun, you should always protect your hair extensions. Too much sun exposure can make your hair extensions look and feel bone dry. Try wearing a hat or apply an extension friendly leave-in hair UV protection product.

See me when you get back!

When you come back from holiday it’s a good idea to come and see me for a maintenance appointment so I can check your bonds are tangle free and see if any hair needs removing or replacing.


Hair Extension Rules for Gym Bunnies

hair extensions at the gym

Even if your gym routine has fallen by the wayside because of Christmas shopping and parties, it’s probably going to be among your resolutions for the new year. But does a gym bunny lifestyle rule hair extensions out? The good news is that no it doesn’t, and you can still get a sweat on when you have hair extensions as long as you follow these rules.

Try and minimise the hair’s exposure to sweat

Sweat is salty and it’s quite acidic so it can dry out hair extensions and make them rough and coarse. Try to keep your hair away from your forehead and neck by wearing it in a ponytail or a bun. If you’re really serious about avoiding sweat, try wearing a headband which will reduce the contact your hair has with the skin.

Wear your hair up, but not too tight

Tying the hair too tight can damage the bonds and pull the extensions out. Tight ponytails are bad for your natural hair too as the stress from traction can cause hair loss.

Be careful with saunas and steam rooms

You can still use them, but wear a swimming cap or shower cap to protect the hair and bonds from the heat and humidity. Extremes of temperature can melt adhesive and weaken the bonds so your extensions are more likely to start falling out.

You can swim, but there are rules

Many women who have hair extensions fitted think that they won’t be able to swim ever again but that’s not true. While it’s true that chlorine can dry out the extensions and affect adhesives, you can wear a swimming cap or apply a conditioner and tie the hair up to ward off some of the negative effects. Wash and condition your hair with a sulphate-free shampoo and conditioner straight after swimming. This applies after you have a sweaty workout too.

A note on gym hairstyles for hair extensions

It is important to keep your hair up and out of the way, so some great ideas for gym hair extension hairstyles are high ponytails or buns, French braids, plaited buns, and ballerina buns. Messy buns are a no no because they can cause matting and tangling. Remember too that with some hair extension fitting methods, the bonds will be visible if you tie your hair up in certain ways so it might be a case of trial and error, and seeing what works for you.


Why You Need Hair Extension Maintenance

hair extension maintenance

You invest a lot of time and money into getting hair extensions so it makes sense that you should look after them. As well as looking after them at home, like I talked about in the last blog, you need to make sure you’re having regular maintenance appointment to keep your extensions looking as good as when you first had them fitted.

Find out what maintenance is involved

I’ll always talk to you about maintenance before you have your extensions fitted. I’ll tell you what’s involved, how often you should book a maintenance appointment, and how much maintenance will cost.

Why do you need hair extension maintenance appointments?

During a maintenance appointments I can check the health of your extensions and your natural hair. I can also sort out any matting or tangles before they cause problems. Removing  matted and tangled hair extensions will take longer and cost more. If you don’t book maintenance appointments, your extensions might not last as long.

Different types of maintenance you might need

Hair extension replacement

Around every 6 weeks, I’d replace any missing bonds with new hair and refit any bonds that you find uncomfortable. This will keep the extensions looking as good as when you first walked out of the salon.

Hair extension uplift (for micro rings only)

Every 6-8 weeks, each bond is unclipped and moved back up to where it was originally before any new hair growth.

What if I’m not offered maintenance appointments?

I always offer maintenance and recommend that clients book maintenance appointments because hair extensions are an investment. If you go to someone who fits hair extensions but doesn’t offer maintenance, my advice to you would be to run a mile and take your custom somewhere else!

Remember that maintenance does not just happen in the salon though, it’s about using the right hair products, brushing the hair correctly, tying your hair up before bed and during exercise, and following any other aftercare advice that any good extensionist will give you.

hair exxtension maintenance


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